Beautiful nails, neat fingers and delicate skin on the feet are the goals of many girls. If in winter, due to the weather, no one can see this, then the summer starts by actively participating in the pedicure process. After all, you really want to look neatly dressed, wear sandals proudly, and show off your delicate and beautiful legs on the beach. But this is not always possible. Especially if nails and skin are affected by fungus. Today, we will discuss foot fungus, consider the symptoms and causes of its appearance, learn how to deal with it and prevent reinfection.
Symptoms of fungus between toes
We have become accustomed to the fact that fungus most often affects nails-nails become hard, divergent, chipped, and discolored. However, the skin can also be hurt-severe itching, anxiety, and the area between the fingers begins to peel strongly. At the same time, the sweating of the feet has increased-this is especially noticeable after wearing closed shoes. If the fungus on the skin is not treated in time, the skin may start to crack. These cracks are difficult to heal, will bleed constantly, and will open from time to time. The wound on the skin is very painful, which makes it impossible to wear closed shoes. Dense skin patches may appear on the soles, similar to corn or calluses. Spots may appear on the skin and nails-yellow, gray, hard. The wound is located in a poorly ventilated area-between the toes, between the soles of the feet, and on the skin between the feet and toes. If you find that you have similar symptoms, you need to see a doctor and make a correct diagnosis. For this, you may need to scrape off your feet for analysis to determine the pathogenic fungus. But how and why are we infected?
Causes of fungus on the skin of the feet
The pathogen of the disease is fungus, which is also the cause of the development of all the above symptoms. But let us try to figure out more specifically-how the fungus kicks in, where the risk of infection is highest, and under what circumstances the disease develops faster than usual.
- If you use general hygiene products (towels, slippers, combs, and socks), you can get the fungus from the sick person through the household route. Even if a sick person walks barefoot on the floor, they can still be infected with the fungus.
- Another vector of fungal infections is animals. You may be infected by a cat or dog, especially when you clean up animal droppings.
- Fungal spores grow well in humid and warm environments. Therefore, even on the beach, it is not recommended to walk barefoot on the ground.
- Another dangerous area is public places related to water. Bathrooms, saunas, swimming pools, showers, changing rooms-visitors often walk barefoot and successfully spread fungal diseases to each other.
- The salon where you have a pedicure is also dangerous. If the next visitor's instruments are not disinfected or work poorly, it may be the source of infection.
- After the fungus enters the skin, not everyone is infected. This disease is more likely to cause people with weakened immunity, malnutrition, and diabetes.
- Due to the lack of necessary vitamins, the skin of the feet will fall off even without the fungus. Therefore, when the pathogen enters, the infection occurs faster.
- If pathogenic organisms enter an open wound, crack or sore, the fungus can affect the skin of the feet and fingers.
- Long-term use of antibiotics, pregnancy, breastfeeding-all of these can lead to decreased immunity and the development of fungi.
- Fungus often affects those who are forced to stand up constantly-these people are cooks, hairdressers, teachers. When standing continuously, the blood circulation in the foot tissues slows down and congestion occurs.
- As the amount of sweating increases, as moisture and heat are ideal conditions for spores to multiply, the risk of fungus production increases.
- The doctor pointed out that people who like to wear tight shoes are more prone to fungus.
By understanding the causes and risks of foot fungus, you can protect your body from this trouble. But what if the fungus has affected the skin of the feet?
How to treat toe fungus
The medical treatment of skin and nails is a rather long process. However, with proper perseverance and patience, this disease can be overcome. The fact is that the source of the fungus remains on the body until the diseased nails are completely replaced by healthy nails. This means that full recovery may take more than a month. Usually, the nail will be completely replaced within 3 to 6 months. To treat fungus on toenails and feet, various methods can be used, such as eye drops.
Drops are used to treat nails. First, you need to thoroughly disinfect and soften the painful nail plate and try to remove it as much as possible. This is done to allow the drug dosage form to penetrate deeper into the tissue. Then, put down the medicine prescribed by your doctor on the nails, the edges of the nails and the skin around the tablet. Apply the product to a clean and dry surface twice a day. If it is troubled by your skin, it is best to use creams, lotions, ointments, sprays. They can relieve symptoms and have medicinal effects.
A complex treatment must be performed. This means that along with external treatment, it is necessary to take antifungal drugs internally. The doctor will help you choose the correct medicine and dosage. Such diseases are treated by dermatologists, infectious disease specialists or more narrow-specialist-mycologists. They treat skin diseases caused by the development of yeast and mold.
In fighting skin and nail fungus, folk recipes are used. Disinfect the legs with vinegar, laundry soap, iodine, and natural coffee. Use the decimal point for marigold and wormwood. The use of celandine tin is very useful-on its basis, the use of lotions, body washes and compresses. Folk remedies are only effective when used continuously. They still cannot completely inhibit fungi, but they have the ability to eliminate symptoms such as peeling and itching.
How to prevent fungus between the toes
These are some guidelines for people with healthy and fungal infections.
- Once you start treating foot fungus, you need to throw away all towels and slippers. Towels and socks should be washed in boiling water to prevent re-contamination. Shoes must be treated with antifungal drugs or lemon juice. By the way, shoes should be disinfected once a week until fully recovered. Insoles should also be replaced as often as possible.
- Even if you live in the same roof with the patient, you can protect yourself from the patient. Do not wear or measure contaminated shoes, and do not use shared socks or other hygiene products. People who are sick should always wear socks and do not walk barefoot on the floor.
- After communicating with animals and walking on the beach, you should wash your hands and feet thoroughly with hot water and soap.
- In public places, especially swimming pools, showers, saunas and changing rooms, rubber slippers must be worn. Do not step on the floor barefoot.
- When visiting the salon, it is required to carry sterile equipment with you.
- Pay attention to the skin of your feet and see a doctor in time. The disease happens to start with skin lesions.
- If there is an unprotected open wound, handle it carefully and cover it with plaster.
- If you have a standing job, you need to find some time to rest-sit in a chair for a few minutes after each working hour. Do warm-up and leg exercises.
- The quality of shoes is another important detail in combating foot fungus. It should be spacious and comfortable enough not to squeeze or squeeze the feet. In summer, be sure to choose an open model so that air can circulate inside. This will remove excess water. In general, it is best to buy leather shoes because they absorb moisture, allow air to circulate and provide comfort when walking and standing.
- Live an active lifestyle and exercise more to avoid stagnation of blood in your feet.
Most importantly, please pay attention to your health, because this disease affects weak creatures whose immunity is unable to respond decently to enemies. Eat right, don't drink antibiotics without a doctor's prescription, be grumpy and hyperactive. Then, you can not only fight against fungi, but also many other diseases.
Many patients try to treat the fungus on their own, using numerous suggestions from friends and neighbors. However, with the passage of time, the disease not only cannot be cured, but can also flourish. In this case, amateur performance is very dangerous because it takes precious time. If many patients see a doctor on time, the disease may be suppressed within a month. Widespread mycoses have been treated for a long time, sometimes even years. But here, recovery is also very realistic. You need to unite, go to the doctor, patiently follow his advice, and wait. After one month of treatment, the condition will improve significantly. Healthy and beautiful from head to toe!