What is the best option to fight nail fungus?

According to statistics, one in five people is infected with nail fungus. The widespread occurrence of this disease is related to the ease of infection. Treating nail fungus is a complicated process. It can include the use of folk remedies, topical medicines, and antibiotics. It is also important to dispose of shoes and socks so that harmful microorganisms do not return to the feet. If the treatment is incomplete, the symptoms will reappear soon because the root cause of the problem has not been eliminated.

What kind of fungus on toenails look like

How to get nail fungus?

Everyone should know how fungal infections happen. This is very important because it allows preventive measures to be taken. Infection usually occurs in the following ways:

  • If people with fungal diseases live with people, since harmful microorganisms will remain on almost all surfaces, infection is almost inevitable.
  • You may get the disease in public places where people are barefoot: baths, saunas, showers in sports clubs. Since the fungus will not thrive in high-salt sand, it is unlikely to be caught on the beach;
  • Through towels, people with fungus wear slippers. Related to this is that there is no need to use other people’s personal belongings because they may be infected with the virus.

The most common places where fungus lives are saunas, bathrooms and swimming pools. This is due to the fact that it reproduces most actively in humid environments and is also relatively resistant to extreme temperatures. If a person with a fungal disease crosses the floor, the infected skin flakes will remain on the surface. If their skin is healthy, they will start to become infected. In a similar way, microorganisms remain on the wall of the bath that the patient is using.

The likelihood of infection may vary and depends on different circumstances. The following factors greatly increase the likelihood of infection:

  1. There is a wound on the foot, and the infection can easily penetrate the wound. Even calluses can be a factor because there are many micro injuries on the dry skin of the feet. Through them, microorganisms enter the interior.
  2. People with weakened immune systems are susceptible to fungal diseases. If it is strong, the body itself will solve the problem in the initial stage.
  3. Some antibiotics can cause changes in the acidity of the feet, which can also create favorable conditions for the reproduction of harmful microorganisms;
  4. Sweating feet create a moist environment, as if it were created for the rapid spread of fungus. Sweating may be caused by wearing tight shoes or synthetic socks.

These factors alone will not lead to the emergence of diseases, but if bacteria attach to healthy skin, the development of diseases will accelerate.

Preventive measures are based on this knowledge. You don't have to limit yourself to everything. It is sufficient not to use the personal property of others. It is also allowed to visit public places. However, before going there, you need to bring personal slippers and lubricate your feet with compounds that prevent fungal diseases.

Photo of toenail fungus

symptom

It is also important to understand the symptoms of the disease. This is due to the fact that the disease is easy to treat in the early stages. In this case, the treatment of nail fungus can only be done through folk remedies. However, the problem is that it is extremely difficult to identify the disease at an early stage. Only in the later stages, this disease will make you feel severe itching or pain. In the first stage, the natural luster of the nail plate will not even disappear.

Consider the signs that can determine the initial stage of the disease:

  • The nails did not lose their luster, but small white spots or streaks began to appear on the nails and gradually increased. They are hotbeds of infection.
  • The nail plate gradually loses its natural luster.
  • On the nearby skin, it begins to peel and redness;
  • The nails become brittle and may turn yellow;
  • The skin of the feet is relatively dry;
  • Peeling occurs in the fold area;
  • Diaper rash is possible.

In the later stages, this disease has been difficult to confuse with something. She showed the following symptoms:

  • Skin itching, burning, and obvious redness;
  • The nails turn yellow, then blue and black; then they turn black.
  • The printing plate begins to be painted, thinning unnecessary areas, and thickening appears on the printing plate.
  • The shape of the nail is deformed;
  • There is a gap under the nail.
  • The plate is extremely brittle.
  • There are obvious white spots and streaks;
  • The feet started to smell bad.

In the most severe stage, a pain syndrome of this intensity may occur, and the patient can barely move. Body temperature rises.

Fungal manifestations on toenails

When do you need to see a doctor?

In the early stages, nail fungus treatment can be done on its own. However, it implies a very preliminary stage, at which there are almost no symptoms. If the disease develops, then you must consult a doctor. This need is due to the fact that the disease can be caused by a variety of microorganisms. Each type of infection is sensitive to different drugs, so appropriate treatment can only be performed after the examination results are qualified.

The signs of the disease depend on its type

Traditionally, the types of fungal diseases are divided into three types, and each type is different in different manifestations:

  • Bubbly. . . Microbes infect the soles of the feet. In the context of these processes, swelling and blisters where the liquid is located appear. This disease is usually characterized by bacterial complications.
  • membrane. . . The infection started in the area between the little finger and the adjacent finger. The skin is peeling visibly. Cracks and calluses appear. Bacterial complications are possible, in this case, the skin begins to deform even more.
  • Moccasin-like. . . The disease occurs in the heel and sole area. In this case, pain syndrome is observed. Thickening and cracks appear on the skin. The microorganisms gradually multiply and penetrate into the nail plate. In this case, the nails begin to chip and change their color. In the later stages, the pegboard completely falls off the bed.

Usually, in the context of the disease, an allergic reaction occurs. This is due to the fact that fungal microorganisms are infected by foreign bodies in the body. If the development of the disease is not prevented, the microorganisms will penetrate deep inside and then develop into visceral fungal disease. This disease can have the most serious consequences, even death.

Blister fungus on the legs

General treatment plan

The treatment of nail fungus depends entirely on the stage at which the disease is discovered. For example, in the early stages, the use of antibiotics is meaningless because they have side effects.

Initial stage

In the initial stage, various topical preparations were used. These include:

  1. lucky;
  2. Ointment;
  3. gel;
  4. serum.

Funds can be used in a variety of ways. For example, using ointments and gels, you can make medical compresses. The composition was applied to the affected area and fixed with a bandage. The compress must be left overnight. Most products must be used every day. However, a person can buy medicinal varnishes applied to the nail plate twice a week. It works very quickly, so it won't distract you from daily tasks.

You can supplement the effects of local medicines with folk remedies. They cannot be used as independent treatment tools, but they can be very effective in complementing complex treatment methods. They help slow down the reproduction of microorganisms, prevent bacterial complications, quickly relieve symptoms, and relieve itching.

Late stage of the disease

With the advanced development of mycosis, complex treatment of nail fungus becomes more and more important. This includes:

  1. Use local funds;
  2. Use antibiotics that have antifungal effects.

The combination of these funds causes the destruction of fungal infections to occur internally and externally. Pills affect the root cause of the problem, and topical medications can relieve symptoms. As in the past, treatment can be supplemented by folk remedies. They speed up the healing process and alleviate the patient's condition.

Neglected toenail fungus

Preparatory measures before applying topical preparations

Preparatory measures need to be taken to enhance the impact of local drugs. Their effectiveness is doubled, which is particularly important for advanced fungal diseases. First, including removing the nail plate. This process needs to be performed only when the disease has progressed and caused discomfort. These signs indicate that the infection has penetrated into the nail bed and spread there. The nails interfere with the penetration of the active ingredients deep inside the medicine and are therefore removed. If you use a special preparation removal method, this process will be very easy. Before using them, you should steam your feet.

Only nails that have been damaged by mycoses should be removed. No need to operate a healthy nail plate.

The doctor prescribed medicine for nail removal. They are characterized by rapid movement and painlessness. The process is performed according to the following approximate scheme:

  • Steam your feet thoroughly in a hot bath;
  • Apply a thick layer of the preparation to the nail. It is important not to get on the skin. To protect them, you can seal healthy places with plasters;
  • Above, the composition is covered with gauze and fixed with tape.
  • Remove the bandage after a few days. After steaming your feet, use a file to remove the rest of your nails.

Before using any topical preparations, you need to prepare according to the following plan:

  1. The hot water bath is being prepared. You can add ingredients with antifungal effects: sea salt, vinegar, essential oils;
  2. After the surface is steamed, trim the nails and file them into a file. Try to clear all affected areas;
  3. Dry your feet thoroughly with a towel.

Such measures will ensure the deep penetration of drugs inside. Moreover, hot water will kill the fungus on its own.

Nail fungus foot bath

Preparation for treating leg mycosis

The main principle of using any medicine is to use it according to the recommended dosage and regularity. Tablets can be used in pulse therapy techniques. It needs to take the medicine for one week, and then repeat the whole course of treatment for one week. A total of three courses need to be completed. This method allows you to respond quickly to the disease, destroy all spores of the fungus and prevent the recurrence of fungal diseases. When treating, please remember the following rules:

  • For people with dry skin, drugs with high fat content are recommended. For example, ointments are perfect for these purposes. They also facilitate the lubrication of the soles of the feet.
  • It is recommended to treat the area between the fingers with a suspension.
  • Before applying the ointment, it is best to remove the nails from the affected area to avoid interfering with the penetration of the active ingredients inside.
  • This is not always the case. In the later stages of the disease, antibiotics need to be prescribed. If there are contraindications, such as pregnancy, it is best to use topical therapy only. They are less effective, but will not penetrate into the circulatory system and will not harm the fetus.

Ointments and creams

After receiving the test results, the doctor will provide detailed advice on choosing the necessary funds.

It should be remembered that pathogens tend to adapt to various effects. Therefore, after one month of use, the ointment can be replaced.

However, only do this if it no longer provides the desired effect. As it is not only affected by nail diseases, it is also necessary to lubricate the nail plate and skin.

Other drugs

Anti-fungal varnishes are very popular. This is due to their many advantages:

  • The varnish has a transparent color, so it is not obvious.
  • The composition dries quickly, which makes one person not to be disturbed.
  • Most drugs need to be used every day, and varnish can be used 1-2 times a week.
  • These preparations form a film on the nail that protects the skin from bacterial complications.
  • The funds went deep into the interior and quickly restored the previous appearance of the nail board.

Tablets for fungal diseases are used in cases where the disease affects more than 50% of nails. They are known for maximum efficiency. At the same time, these drugs have many side effects and contraindications.

Tablets can only be prescribed by a doctor. Only an expert can determine whether the use of this powerful drug is worthwhile. Their common contraindications include:

  1. Kidney and heart failure;
  2. pregnancy;
  3. Possibility of allergies;
  4. Allergic to ingredients.

Funds are rarely opened during pregnancy. This happens only when the expected benefit is many times greater than the potential harm.

Toenail fungus tablets

Folk recipes

Therapies with folk remedies can only be used as adjuvants for complex treatments.

It is necessary to improve the condition of the feet and nails to prevent bacterial complications. Depending on the ingredients used, there are many ways to treat folk remedies. Let us consider the main ones.

hydrogen peroxide

Hydrogen peroxide helps disinfect the affected area, which is especially important when cutting nails and treating feet. If you do not use this therapy, other infections may be introduced through microcracks, which can complicate the course of the disease. Consider how to use composition:

  • Hydrogen peroxide is used to soak cotton pads. After that, apply it to the affected area. The treatment is carried out twice a day. The standard course is 3-4 weeks;
  • Baths. You can add 3% hydrogen peroxide to a regular foot bath.

Hydrogen peroxide is not an independent treatment. It is only suitable for disinfecting and softening fabrics. Before using local medicine to treat the nails, you can use the bathtub with the product.

iodine

Iodine has a bactericidal effect. In addition, it also has a bactericidal effect. It destroys the proteins that make up harmful microorganisms. The advantage of this tool is its low cost and high efficiency. However, it acts on a limited number of fungal microorganisms. Before use, it should be remembered that the composition can cause allergies and redness. You can use the following treatment options to treat nails with iodine:

  • The nail plate is treated with iodine at a concentration of 5%. Each requires a drop of iodine. Treat the diseased board every day to prevent it before it happens-once every two days;
  • You can add iodine to the steamer. After that, you need to trim your nails and use anti-fungal medicine.

Any pharmacy can use this tool, so it is not difficult to find it.

Tea Shiitake Mushrooms

Kombucha has the ability to eliminate harmful microorganisms. It also stopped their replication. Use in the following ways:

  • Rub the mushroom porridge into the nail plate twice a day;
  • Spread the mushrooms on the nails and then wrap them with a bandage. The legs are wrapped in cellophane. Wear 2-3 socks.

The course of treatment lasted 10 days.

Kombucha for toenail fungus

Birch tar

It also has fungal antiseptic effects, reduces inflammation, and softens keratinized skin, so it is also suitable for fungal diseases. Can be used to lubricate feet and nails. They should be cleaned with pumice first. The composition remained on its feet for 1. 5 hours. It is important to fully absorb it.

You can prepare ointment from birch tar. To prepare it, you need to take baby cream or other fat base and then add the product to it. First, the concentration of tar should not exceed 5%. You can gradually increase it to 20%.

sea salt

Sea salt eliminates pathogenic microorganisms. It can also soften tissues and has an antiseptic effect. With its help, you can prepare pallets. They are applied once a day. Sea salt can be replaced with ordinary table salt.

When choosing any composition, it must be remembered that treatment with folk remedies is completely auxiliary. It cannot replace medicines in pharmacies.

Prevention method

In order to prevent fungal diseases, it should be developed in three directions:

  1. Increase your resistance to disease. If a person has a strong immune system, then the body itself will cope with new infections. In order to strengthen the immune system, you need to participate in exercise, take vitamins, monitor the hygiene of your feet and prevent the appearance of calluses.
  2. Protect from internal infections. It is forbidden to use other people's slippers. Before going to public places, you need to treat your feet with preventive agents;
  3. Create an environment where fungi cannot spread. Microorganisms multiply most actively in humid and warm environments. Therefore, in order to prevent their spread, it is necessary to fight foot sweat and cracks caused by dry skin.

During the treatment process, it is important to treat the shoes and socks in the fungus to prevent the disease from reappearing. For shoes, special compounds and UV liners are used. You can boil the socks for five minutes. However, it is best to just throw them away. It is especially necessary to take preventive measures for people who have recently suffered from mycosis.

The earlier the measures taken against fungal diseases, the faster the recovery. In the early stages, the treatment process usually takes one month. In the later stages, the disease will have to be treated for approximately six months. The goals of treatment are two main effects-elimination of symptoms and destruction of harmful microorganisms themselves. If a perfectly healthy nail grows back, the treatment is considered effective. As the toenails grow slowly, this will take 3-4 months.